Apr 26, 2024

Mastering the useThrottle Hook in React

In this blog, we explore how to control function execution frequency efficiently and learn how to optimize performance with React's useThrottle hook.
DayaSoftware Engineer - I
Tarun Bhagchand Soni
Tarun Bhagchand SoniSenior Software Engineer - I
Screenshot 2024-05-13 at 5.02.25 PM.png
Click On The Image Above To Watch How It Works

In the fast-paced world of web applications, user interactions can trigger a flurry of events. While responsiveness is crucial, excessive function calls can lead to performance bottlenecks. Enter the useThrottle hook, a powerful tool in React's arsenal for managing execution frequency.

Understanding Throttling

Throttling ensures that a function executes at most once within a specified time interval, regardless of how many times it is called. It is similar to a leaky faucet that only releases water intermittently, preventing a deluge.

Why Use Throttling?

  • Performance Optimization: Throttling prevents repetitive, expensive operations, such as API calls or complex calculations, from overwhelming the browser. This smooths out user experience and enhances application responsiveness.
  • Event Debouncing: It is ideal for scenarios where rapid user input (for example, continuous scrolling, resize events) might trigger unnecessary updates. Throttling ensures they are handled efficiently, minimizing redundant computations.

How Does useThrottle Work?

Let us dissect the provided code:

Import and Setup:


import { useRef } from 'react';

We import useRef from React to create a reference that persists across re-renders, ideal for tracking the last execution time.

useThrottle Hook Function:


  • cb: The callback function to be throttled. It takes no arguments and returns nothing (void).
  • limit: The time interval (in milliseconds) between allowed executions.

lastRun Reference:

We create a useRef hook named lastRun to store the timestamp (milliseconds since epoch) of the most recent execution. This ensures the function is called at most once within the specified limit.

Returned Function:

This is the throttled function you will use in your React components. It checks the time difference between the current time (Date.now()) and lastRun.current. If the difference is greater than or equal to limit, it executes the cb function and updates lastRun.current with the current timestamp.

Using useThrottle in React Components

Here is an example of how to use the useThrottle hook in a React component to throttle a scroll event handler:

In this example, the throttledScroll function is created using useThrottle and passed to the scroll event listener. This ensures that the handleScroll function is only called at most every 2000 milliseconds, even if the user scrolls rapidly.

Hire Us Form


The useThrottle hook is a valuable tool for enhancing performance and managing function execution frequency in React applications. By understanding its purpose and implementation, you can make informed decisions about when to use it to improve the responsiveness and efficiency of your web applications.

Hire our Development experts.